India: overview

India has an estimated population of 1.22 billion, making it the world’s second most populous nation in the world after China. With a multi-cultural, multi-lingual and multi-ethnic society, India is home to 17 major regional languages. It has a sophisticated civilisation dating back 5,000 years and is the birth place of four major world religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism whilst Islam, Christianity, Judaism and Zoroastrianism add to the religious diversity.

Although India is the world’s fourth largest economy in purchasing power, it suffers from high levels of poverty, illiteracy and malnutrition.

The average income per person is only $1340 per annum (UNICEF, 2012).

India’s Global Hunger Index for 2012 is rated as ‘Alarming’ (IFPRI, 2012). This rating ranks countries on the basis of a combination of three indicators: level of child malnutrition, rates of child mortality, and the proportion of people who are calorie deficient. The ranking is updated annually.

The report for 2012 highlighted that South Asia as a region, improved less than even Sub Saharan Africa. Social inequality and the low nutritional, educational and social status of women are reported to be the major causes of child malnutrition in this region – impeding its progress and contributing to 43% of children under the age of five in India being moderately or severely underweight and 48% suffering from stunted growth (UNICEF, 2012).

Mumbai is a city of huge contrasts.  Home of Bollywood and the world’s diamond polishing trade, it boasts some of the most expensive real estate in the world. However, statistics indicate that more than half of the city’s swelling 16 million population lives in ‘informal’ housing or slums.

What we do

The Foundation for Mother and Child Health India (FMCHI), was established in Mumbai in 2006.

By providing health, nutrition and child development programmes, FMCH India aims to eliminate poverty and malnutrition among underprivileged women and children in the communities it serves.

To find out more about our programmes in India, please click on the FMCH India link below.

FMCH India